We study the decoherence dynamics of Majorana qubit braiding operations in a T-junction topological superconducting chain (TSC) system, in which the braiding is performed by controlling the electron-chemical potentials of the TSCs and the couplings between them. By solving rigorously the Majorana qubit dynamics, we show how the Majorana qubit coherence is generated through Bogoliubon correlations formed by exchanging Majorana zero modes (MZMs) between two TSCs in braiding operations. We also demonstrate with the exact master equation how MZMs and also the Bogoliubon correlations dissipate due to charge fluctuations of the controlling gates at both the zero and finite temperatures. As a result, Majorana qubit coherence and also the fermion parity conservation cannot be immune from local perturbations during braiding operations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics