Definition of irreparable rotator cuff tear: a scoping review of prospective surgical therapeutic trials to evaluate current practice

Fa Chuan Kuan, Chien An Shih, Wei Ren Su, Ausberto Velasquez Garcia, Tomoyuki Kuroiwa, Naoya Iida, Kai Lan Hsu

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: The definition of irreparable rotator cuff tear (IRCT) is controversial. This scoping review provides definitions used to describe IRCT in the literature. This scoping review (1) identified criteria used in the definition of IRCT and (2) investigated the current state of those criteria in prospective surgical therapeutic trials. Methods: This scoping review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched in March 2023. Studies were screened against predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Criteria regarding clinical symptoms, preoperative images, and intraoperative findings were captured respectively. Results: A total of 41 prospective studies were eligible for inclusion, and 35 studies (85.4%) defined IRCT. IRCT was defined on the basis of the following main criteria: preoperative image findings (28/35), intraoperative findings (24/35), and symptoms (16/35). With regard to preoperative images, IRCT was mainly defined on the basis of retraction of the tendon in the coronal plane (22/28), the severity of fatty degeneration (19/28), and ruptured tendon number or width of the defect in the sagittal plane (17/28). Conclusion: This scoping review highlights the lack of a standardized definition for IRCT in clinical practice, with common predictive criteria including a duration of over 6 months, retraction beyond 5 cm, Goutallier grade 3 fatty infiltration, and the rupture of two or more tendons. However, surgeons should apply more than one criterion when examining preoperative images and confirm reparability during surgery. A more objective manner of evaluating intraoperative reparability is necessary.

期刊BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
出版狀態Published - 2023 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 風濕病
  • 骨科和運動醫學


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