Derailment of a train moving on bridge during earthquake considering soil liquefaction

Shen-Haw Ju, S. J. Hung

研究成果: Article

摘要

Soil liquefaction may occur due to frequent earthquakes in regions characterized by sandy soil. When liquefaction occurs, the strength of the soil decreases, which may cause trains to derail during earthquakes. This study establishes a three-dimensional two-stage finite element procedure to analyze train derailment behavior during earthquakes under soil liquefaction conditions. In the first stage, a cuboid soil profile is used to simulate the displacement and water pressure fields. Then, the train derailment model using p-y, t-z, and Q-z curves for soil is analyzed, and the displacements obtained from the first stage are added into the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements to simulate the earthquake motion. The capacities of the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements are reduced due to excess pore water pressure. Thus, the derailment coefficient of each wheel of the train can be obtained appropriately. Finally, the finite element results indicate that the wheel derailment coefficients with soil liquefaction are greater than those without soil liquefaction for the most of the seismic load time periods.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)185-192
頁數8
期刊Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
123
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 八月 1

指紋

Soil liquefaction
Derailments
earthquakes
liquefaction
train
Earthquakes
Soils
earthquake
wheels
Wheels
soil
soil strength
Liquefaction
sandy soils
soil profiles
Water
water
pressure field
sandy soil
soil profile

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science

引用此文

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abstract = "Soil liquefaction may occur due to frequent earthquakes in regions characterized by sandy soil. When liquefaction occurs, the strength of the soil decreases, which may cause trains to derail during earthquakes. This study establishes a three-dimensional two-stage finite element procedure to analyze train derailment behavior during earthquakes under soil liquefaction conditions. In the first stage, a cuboid soil profile is used to simulate the displacement and water pressure fields. Then, the train derailment model using p-y, t-z, and Q-z curves for soil is analyzed, and the displacements obtained from the first stage are added into the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements to simulate the earthquake motion. The capacities of the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements are reduced due to excess pore water pressure. Thus, the derailment coefficient of each wheel of the train can be obtained appropriately. Finally, the finite element results indicate that the wheel derailment coefficients with soil liquefaction are greater than those without soil liquefaction for the most of the seismic load time periods.",
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AB - Soil liquefaction may occur due to frequent earthquakes in regions characterized by sandy soil. When liquefaction occurs, the strength of the soil decreases, which may cause trains to derail during earthquakes. This study establishes a three-dimensional two-stage finite element procedure to analyze train derailment behavior during earthquakes under soil liquefaction conditions. In the first stage, a cuboid soil profile is used to simulate the displacement and water pressure fields. Then, the train derailment model using p-y, t-z, and Q-z curves for soil is analyzed, and the displacements obtained from the first stage are added into the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements to simulate the earthquake motion. The capacities of the p-y, t-z, and Q-z elements are reduced due to excess pore water pressure. Thus, the derailment coefficient of each wheel of the train can be obtained appropriately. Finally, the finite element results indicate that the wheel derailment coefficients with soil liquefaction are greater than those without soil liquefaction for the most of the seismic load time periods.

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