Twenty five novel chemical analogs of the previously reported Aurora kinase inhibitor BPR1K653 (1-(4-(2-((5-chloro-6-phenylfuro[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)ethyl)phenyl)-3-(2-((dimethylamino)methyl)phenyl)urea) have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated by Aurora-A and Aurora-B enzymatic kinase activity assays. Similar to BPR1K653, analogs 3b-3h bear alkyl or tertiary amino group at the ortho position of the phenylurea, and showed equal or better inhibition activity for Aurora-B over Aurora-A. Conversely, preferential Aurora-A inhibition activity was observed when the same functional group was moved to the meta position of the phenylurea. Compounds 3m and 3n, both of which harbor a tertiary amino group at the meta position of the phenylurea, showed 10–16 fold inhibition selectivity for Aurora-A over Aurora-B. The in vitro kinase inhibition results were verified by Western blot analysis, and indicated that compounds 3m and 3n were more than 75-fold superior in inhibiting T-loop autophosphorylation of Aurora-A (Thr288), compared to Aurora-B (Thr232) in HCT116 colon carcinoma cells. The computational docking analysis suggested that the tertiary amine at the meta position of the phenylurea formed a more stable interaction with residues in the back pocket of Aurora-A than in Aurora-B, a possible explanation for the observed discrepancy in the selectivity. These results support an alternative small molecule design strategy targeting the back pocket of Aurora kinases for selective isoform inhibition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry