The band-engineered structure design for electron-blocking layer (EBL) and hole-blocking layer (HBL) in AlxGa1-xN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV LEDs) is performed and analyzed theoretically. Simulation results show that the severe polarization effect is efficiently mitigated and the downward-bended band profile of the EBL is improved when the EBL is designed with a graded-composition and multiquantum barrier (GMQB) structure. As a result, the capabilities of both electron confinement and hole injection, and also the light output power are promoted. On the contrary, for the HBL, the design of composition graded and/or multiquantum barrier structures reduces the effective potential barrier height for holes in the valence band and, consequently, causes a considerable hole overflow. The UV LED, thus, exhibits superior optical performance when the LED structure is simultaneously designed with a GMQB EBL and a bulk HBL.
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