Determinants and dynamic changes of generic quality of life in human bladder cancer patients

Yuh Shyan Tsai, Tzu Yi Wu, Yeong Chin Jou, Tzong Shin Tzai, Jung Der Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


We measured and determined the factors associated with long-term generic quality-of-life (QOL) changes in human bladder cancer patients. We utilized the World Health Organization QOL-Brief questionnaire to assess consecutive patients’ QOL at outpatient clinics of our hospital. A mixed-effects model was constructed to investigate the determinants of QOL changes according to each domain and individual item after controlling for demographic and clinical factors, as well as the effect of radical cystectomy. We also applied a kernel smoothing method to describe the long-term dynamic changes after the first definite treatment. In total, 1185 repeated measurements were collected from 343 bladder cancer patients. The mixed-effects models demonstrated that marital status, monthly income, and comorbidity with heart disease and diabetes were significant determinants among all the study participants. Regardless of the urinary diversion type, radical cystectomy contributed to lower scores for all four domains, mainly from 4–5 years after cystectomy, which declined significantly in patients who were older than 60 years. As for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients with preserved bladders, tumor recurrence was a major predictor for lower scores for sexual activity in the social domain. In summary, generic QOL can be independently influenced by many factors, not only cystectomy and tumor recurrence, which should be discussed with patients before treatment.

期刊Journal of Clinical Medicine
出版狀態Published - 2021 12月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般醫學


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