Nine polymorphic microsatellite makers were isolated and characterized in 20 individuals of Parapenaeopsis hardwickii collected from the fishing ground near Ilan, Taiwan. Number of alleles per locus ranged from 3 to 8, observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.5263 to 0.7632, and from 0.4225 to 0.8044, respectively. Only one locus showed a Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium deviation. No linkage disequilibrium was found among these studied loci. This set of microsatellites provides a suitable tool for population genetic structure and fishery management of this species in Asian coastal waters.
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