In this paper, a thermodynamic model is developed for predicting the performance of a beta-type Stirling heat pump with rhombic drive mechanism for water heater and the model is validated by a 1-kW class prototype Stirling heat pump. In the present model, the working space is divided into expansion space, heat absorber, regenerator, heat rejecter and compression space. The pressure, mass and temperature variations of working fluid in each working space are predicted. The temperature variation of wall boundary is also taken into consideration. The temperature of working fluid in each working space and the temperature of wall boundary are obtained by solving energy equations simultaneously. Eventually, the pressure of working fluid in each working space can be corrected by using empirical formula of pressure drop. All the thermal properties of working fluid and wall boundary in each working space at each time step can be obtained by repeating the above process. Then, the performance of heat pump such as absorbing heat, rejecting heat, indicated power and COP can be calculated. A series of experimental measurements and comparisons are also conducted for validating present model. The results show that the prototype heat pump can produce 904 W heating power and 38°C hot water under 1 LPM water flow rate with 5 bar helium at 1000 rpm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology