Development of a novel score to predict newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke: The CHASE-LESS score

Cheng Yang Hsieh, Cheng Han Lee, Sheng Feng Sung

研究成果: Article

摘要

Background and aims: Prompt detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is essential for optimal secondary stroke prevention, but routine long-term cardiac monitoring of all ischemic stroke patients is neither practical nor affordable. We aimed to develop and validate a risk score to identify patients at risk for newly diagnosed AF (NDAF) after ischemic stroke. Methods: Information on adult patients hospitalized for ischemic stroke without known AF was retrieved from a nationwide database. Primary outcome was NDAF within one year following index stroke. A stepwise Cox model was used to screen for predictors. Beta coefficients for the independent predictors were converted to integer points, which were summed to create a risk score. Results: We identified 4 positive predictors and 3 negative predictors. The CHASE-LESS score (Coronary, Heart failure, Age, stroke SEverity, – LipidEmia, Sugar, prior Stroke) comprises coronary artery disease (1 point), congestive heart failure (1 point), age (1 point for every 10 years), stroke severity (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; 1 point for 6–13 and 4 points for ≥14), hyperlipidemia (−1 point), diabetes (−1 point), and prior history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (−1 point). Overall, 6.0% (1029/17,076) of patients developed NDAF. The incidence rate ranged from 8/1000 person-years (CHASE-LESS ≤3) to 240/1000 person-years (CHASE-LESS ≥10). The model achieved a c-index of 0.730 in the development cohort and 0.732 in the validation cohort. Conclusions: The CHASE-LESS score could aid clinicians to identify patients at risk of developing NDAF and help prioritize patients for advanced cardiac monitoring.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1-7
頁數7
期刊Atherosclerosis
295
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2020 二月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

指紋 深入研究「Development of a novel score to predict newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation after ischemic stroke: The CHASE-LESS score」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。

  • 引用此