Development of bio-based lubricant from modified desert date oil (balanites aegyptiaca) with copper nanoparticles addition and their tribological analysis

Yashvir Singh, Abhishek Sharma, Nishant Kumar Singh, Wei Hsin Chen

研究成果: Article

摘要

Based on the environmental concerns related to the pollution caused by the vehicles and the demand for an alternative to the conventional lubricant resulted in the studies to be conducted that are environmental-friendly. In this study, friction and wear behavior of the surfaces in contact was conducted to observe their tendency during the application of an alternative lubricant to the mineral oil. Desert date oil was having the potential of an alternative to the mineral oil and they were available in abundant amount. During the initial stage, desert date oil was transesterified using the two-step transesterification process and further it was added to the trimethylolpropane. After this process, nanoparticles were added in different amounts to the modified desert date oil. The friction and wear behavior of the modified desert date oil was tested using four-ball tester under different conditions. For the surface topography analysis, SEM and EDS analysis were conducted. The concentration of the nanoparticles added to the biolubricant was considered based on the previous work conducted. The input parameters which were considered during the test consists of normal load, sliding speed, variation in the addition of the nanoparticles to the biolubricant (0.3–1.6% with a gap of 0.3%). Based on the study conducted, 0.9% concentration of the copper nanoparticles showed a significant improvement in term of reducing COF, wear rate, mean wear scar diameter and improved worn surface morphology was obtained with comparison to the mineral oil. The maximum increment in the properties relative to the tribological analysis was shown when the concentration of the copper nanoparticles to the modified desert date oil increases beyond 0.9% copper nanoparticles during the addition in the amount of 1.3% and 1.6%. Conclusively, the performance of the modified desert date oil with 0.9% copper nanoparticles addition has the potential impact as a lubricant with comparison to the mineral oil and other samples. The modified desert date oil with an application of 0.9% copper nanoparticles could be considered as a suitable alternative to the mineral oil while considering environmental concern and energy saving.

原文English
文章編號116259
期刊Fuel
259
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2020 一月 1

指紋

Lubricants
Copper
Oils
Mineral Oil
Mineral oils
Nanoparticles
Wear of materials
Friction
Transesterification
Surface topography
Surface morphology
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Energy conservation
Pollution
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

引用此文

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title = "Development of bio-based lubricant from modified desert date oil (balanites aegyptiaca) with copper nanoparticles addition and their tribological analysis",
abstract = "Based on the environmental concerns related to the pollution caused by the vehicles and the demand for an alternative to the conventional lubricant resulted in the studies to be conducted that are environmental-friendly. In this study, friction and wear behavior of the surfaces in contact was conducted to observe their tendency during the application of an alternative lubricant to the mineral oil. Desert date oil was having the potential of an alternative to the mineral oil and they were available in abundant amount. During the initial stage, desert date oil was transesterified using the two-step transesterification process and further it was added to the trimethylolpropane. After this process, nanoparticles were added in different amounts to the modified desert date oil. The friction and wear behavior of the modified desert date oil was tested using four-ball tester under different conditions. For the surface topography analysis, SEM and EDS analysis were conducted. The concentration of the nanoparticles added to the biolubricant was considered based on the previous work conducted. The input parameters which were considered during the test consists of normal load, sliding speed, variation in the addition of the nanoparticles to the biolubricant (0.3–1.6{\%} with a gap of 0.3{\%}). Based on the study conducted, 0.9{\%} concentration of the copper nanoparticles showed a significant improvement in term of reducing COF, wear rate, mean wear scar diameter and improved worn surface morphology was obtained with comparison to the mineral oil. The maximum increment in the properties relative to the tribological analysis was shown when the concentration of the copper nanoparticles to the modified desert date oil increases beyond 0.9{\%} copper nanoparticles during the addition in the amount of 1.3{\%} and 1.6{\%}. Conclusively, the performance of the modified desert date oil with 0.9{\%} copper nanoparticles addition has the potential impact as a lubricant with comparison to the mineral oil and other samples. The modified desert date oil with an application of 0.9{\%} copper nanoparticles could be considered as a suitable alternative to the mineral oil while considering environmental concern and energy saving.",
author = "Yashvir Singh and Abhishek Sharma and Singh, {Nishant Kumar} and Chen, {Wei Hsin}",
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AU - Singh, Yashvir

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AU - Singh, Nishant Kumar

AU - Chen, Wei Hsin

PY - 2020/1/1

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N2 - Based on the environmental concerns related to the pollution caused by the vehicles and the demand for an alternative to the conventional lubricant resulted in the studies to be conducted that are environmental-friendly. In this study, friction and wear behavior of the surfaces in contact was conducted to observe their tendency during the application of an alternative lubricant to the mineral oil. Desert date oil was having the potential of an alternative to the mineral oil and they were available in abundant amount. During the initial stage, desert date oil was transesterified using the two-step transesterification process and further it was added to the trimethylolpropane. After this process, nanoparticles were added in different amounts to the modified desert date oil. The friction and wear behavior of the modified desert date oil was tested using four-ball tester under different conditions. For the surface topography analysis, SEM and EDS analysis were conducted. The concentration of the nanoparticles added to the biolubricant was considered based on the previous work conducted. The input parameters which were considered during the test consists of normal load, sliding speed, variation in the addition of the nanoparticles to the biolubricant (0.3–1.6% with a gap of 0.3%). Based on the study conducted, 0.9% concentration of the copper nanoparticles showed a significant improvement in term of reducing COF, wear rate, mean wear scar diameter and improved worn surface morphology was obtained with comparison to the mineral oil. The maximum increment in the properties relative to the tribological analysis was shown when the concentration of the copper nanoparticles to the modified desert date oil increases beyond 0.9% copper nanoparticles during the addition in the amount of 1.3% and 1.6%. Conclusively, the performance of the modified desert date oil with 0.9% copper nanoparticles addition has the potential impact as a lubricant with comparison to the mineral oil and other samples. The modified desert date oil with an application of 0.9% copper nanoparticles could be considered as a suitable alternative to the mineral oil while considering environmental concern and energy saving.

AB - Based on the environmental concerns related to the pollution caused by the vehicles and the demand for an alternative to the conventional lubricant resulted in the studies to be conducted that are environmental-friendly. In this study, friction and wear behavior of the surfaces in contact was conducted to observe their tendency during the application of an alternative lubricant to the mineral oil. Desert date oil was having the potential of an alternative to the mineral oil and they were available in abundant amount. During the initial stage, desert date oil was transesterified using the two-step transesterification process and further it was added to the trimethylolpropane. After this process, nanoparticles were added in different amounts to the modified desert date oil. The friction and wear behavior of the modified desert date oil was tested using four-ball tester under different conditions. For the surface topography analysis, SEM and EDS analysis were conducted. The concentration of the nanoparticles added to the biolubricant was considered based on the previous work conducted. The input parameters which were considered during the test consists of normal load, sliding speed, variation in the addition of the nanoparticles to the biolubricant (0.3–1.6% with a gap of 0.3%). Based on the study conducted, 0.9% concentration of the copper nanoparticles showed a significant improvement in term of reducing COF, wear rate, mean wear scar diameter and improved worn surface morphology was obtained with comparison to the mineral oil. The maximum increment in the properties relative to the tribological analysis was shown when the concentration of the copper nanoparticles to the modified desert date oil increases beyond 0.9% copper nanoparticles during the addition in the amount of 1.3% and 1.6%. Conclusively, the performance of the modified desert date oil with 0.9% copper nanoparticles addition has the potential impact as a lubricant with comparison to the mineral oil and other samples. The modified desert date oil with an application of 0.9% copper nanoparticles could be considered as a suitable alternative to the mineral oil while considering environmental concern and energy saving.

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