We have reported that treatment with CdCl2 at 40-100 μM induces the heat shock proteins (HSPs) in 9L rat brain tumor cells, during which the activation of heat shock factor (HSF) is essentially involved. By exploiting protein kinase inhibitors, we further analyzed the possible participation of specific protein kinases in the above processes. It was found that induction of HSP70 in cells treated with a high concentration of cadmium (i.e. 100 μM) is preceded by the phosphorylation and activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38(MAPK)), while that in cells treated with a low concentration (60 μM) is accompanied by the phosphorylation and activation of extracellular-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). In 100 μM cadmium-treated cells, both HSP70 induction and HSF1 activation are eliminated in the presence of SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38(MAPK). By contrast, in 60 μM cadmium-treated cells, the processes are not affected by SB203580 but are significantly suppressed by PD98059, which indirectly inhibits ERK1/2 by acting on MAPK-ERK kinase. Taken together, we demonstrate that p38(MAPK) and ERK1/2 can be simultaneously or independently activated under different concentrations of cadmium and that the signaling pathways participate in the induction of HSP70 by acting on the inducible phosphorylation of HSF1. We thus provide the first evidence that both p38(MAPK) and ERK signaling pathways can differentially participate in the activation of HSF1, which leads to the induction of HSP70 by cadmium.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology