A novel of glucose sensing method based on differential Mueller matrix polarimetry is proposed. An analytical model is derived for extracting the optical rotation angle (γ) and degree of depolarization properties (Δ) of glucose sample with scattering affects. The practical feasibility of the proposed method is demonstrated by the experimental results for the sensitivity of the γ and Δ with the glucose samples with 2% phantom particles. The results show that the extracted valued of γ and Δ vary linearly with the glucose concentration over the measured range of 0 to 100 mg/dl with lowest increment of 20 mg/dl. In general, the proposed technique provides a reliable and simple method for low concentration of glucose sensing.