Dimerumic acid attenuates receptor for advanced glycation endproducts signal to inhibit inflammation and diabetes mediated by Nrf2 activation and promotes methylglyoxal metabolism into d-lactic acid

Bao Hong Lee, Wei Hsuan Hsu, Ya Wen Hsu, Tzu Ming Pan

研究成果: Article同行評審

29 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of dimerumic acid (DMA) on receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) signal activation and THP-1 monocyte inflammation treated with S100b, a specific ligand of RAGE. We found that DMA inhibited inflammatory cytokine production via upregulation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and alleviated oxidative stress through attenuation of p47phox translocation to the membrane of S100b-treated THP-1 monocytes. We found that DMA activated Nrf2 mediated by the p38 kinase pathway in THP-1 monocytes. However, anti-inflammatory activity of DMA was attenuated by Nrf2 siRNA treatment. In an animal model, methylglyoxal (MG; 200 mg/kg bw) was chosen to induce diabetes in Balb/C mice (6 weeks) in this work. The in vivo verification of anti-inflammation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells by DMA treatment was confirmed by tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β measurements. Oral glucose tolerance test, insulin tolerance test, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperglycemia were improved in MG-treated mice by DMA treatment and these effects were greater than those of silymarin and N-acetylcysteine. Furthermore, DMA increased hepatic glyoxalase mRNA and glutathione mediated by Nrf2 activation to metabolize MG into d-lactic acid, thereby reducing serum and hepatic AGE levels and suppressing inflammatory factor generation in MG-treated mice. However, DMA did not exert the antiglycation activity in MG-bovine serum albumin incubation. Taken together, the results indicate that DMA is a novel antioxidant and Nrf2 activator that lowers AGE levels and may prove to be an effective treatment for diabetes.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)7-16
頁數10
期刊Free Radical Biology and Medicine
60
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013 7月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物化學
  • 生理學(醫學)

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