Atomically uniform Sb(111) films are fabricated by the method of molecular beam epitaxy on an optimized Si(111) surface. Two-dimensional quantum well states and topological surface states in these films are well resolved as measured by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We observe an evolution of direct transition resonances by varying the excitation photon energy (and thus the perpendicular crystal momentum). The experimental results are reproduced in a comprehensive model calculation taking into account first-principles calculated initial states and time-reversed low-energy-electron-diffraction final states in the photoexcitation process. The resonant behavior illustrates that the topological surface states and the quantum well states are analytically connected in momentum space in all three dimensions.
|期刊||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版狀態||Published - 2015 十二月 2|
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