This study investigated the dissolution behavior of Cu and Ag substrates in molten Sn, Sn-3.5Ag, Sn-4.0Ag-0.5Cu, Sn-8.6Zn and Sn-8.55Zn-0.5Ag-0.1Al-0.SGa lead-free solders as well as in Sn-37Pb solder for comparison at 300, 350, and 400°C. Results show that Sn-Zn alloys have a substantially lower dissolution rate of both Cu and Ag substrates than the other solders. Differences in interfacial intermetallic compounds formed during reaction and the morphology of these compounds strongly affected the substrate dissolution behavior. Soldering temperature and the corresponding solubility limit of the substrate elements in the liquid solder also played important roles in the interfacial morphology and dissolution rate of substrate.
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