This work introduces a new method to estimate Doppler frequency which carries important characteristics feature of time-variant multipath fading channels. The proposed method employs the time diversity (TD) of general random processes with rich correlation characteristics introduced by various time intervals, where a maximum-likelihood (ML) algorithm is utilized. A closed-form weighted least-square equation is derived with the help of basis expansion approximation. In addition, the Cram e r-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of the estimation is analyzed. The results show that the proposed method performs well in terms of Doppler frequency estimation accuracy.
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