Background: Doxycycline possesses antibacterial activity against Clostridioides difficile and anti-inflammatory effects. Materials and Methods: The influence of doxycycline on the development of CDI was studied in an established animal model of CDI using C57BL/6 mice. Results: Mice intraperitoneally administered doxycycline had higher cecum weight (1.3 ± 0.1 vs. 0.5 ± 0.1 g; p < 0.001) and less body weight reduction (0.7 ± 0.5 g vs. −17.4 ± 0.2 g; p < 0.001) than untreated mice infected with C. difficile. Oral doxycycline, metronidazole, or vancomycin therapy resulted in less body weight reduction in mice with CDI than in untreated mice (1.1 ± 0.1 g, 1.3 ± 0.2 g, 1.2 ± 0.1 g, vs. 2.9 ± 0.3 g; p < 0.001). Doxycycline therapy led to lower expression levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (0.4 ± 0.1 vs. 2.9 ± 1.3, p = 0.02), and higher levels of zonula occludens-1 (1.2 ± 0.1 vs. 0.8 ± 0.1, p = 0.02) in colonic tissues than in untreated mice. Conclusions: Concurrent intraperitoneal administration of doxycycline and oral C. difficile challenge does not aggravate the disease severity of CDI, and oral doxycycline may be a potential therapeutic option for CDI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 藥理學、毒理學和藥劑學 (全部)