Background: Chemotherapy decreases fitness performance via repression of cardiopulmonary function and oxidative stress. This study was designed to investigate whether exercise intervention could improve exercises capacity and reduce systemic oxidative stress in patients with head and neck (H&N) cancer receiving chemotherapy. Methods: This is a single-center study. Forty-two H&N cancer patients who were undergoing chemotherapy were recruited in this study. An 8-week exercise intervention was performed by conducting the combination of aerobic and resistance exercise 3 days a week. The exercise training was conducted by a physiotherapist. The exercise capacity and exercise responses were measured from blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). Oxidative stress markers from human plasma, such as total antioxidant capacity, 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine, malondialdehyde, and carbonyl content, were tested by activity kits. Results: We provide compelling evidence that exercise training ameliorated exercise responses and increased exercise capacity by repressing resting BP and increasing 1- and 3-min BP recovery. We also found the resting HR was reduced, and the 1- and 3-min HR recovery was increased after exercise training. In addition, the rating of perceived exertion after the peak exercise was reduced after exercise intervention. We also found that exercise training repressed oxidative stress markers by elevation of total antioxidant capacity and suppression of 8-OHd and carbonyl content in plasma. Discussion: We clearly demonstrate that exercise can promote exercise capacity and reduce oxidative stress in H&N cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, which might guide new therapeutic approaches for cancer patients, especially those undergoing chemotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research