A layer of intensive plastic deformation often appears in the vicinity of frictional interfaces in metal forming processes. The paper presents a study to reveal a possible effect of intensive plastic deformation in such a layer on ductile fracture. To this end, an upsetting test of special design is used to move the site of ductile fracture initiation to the friction surface independently of the effect of intensive plastic deformation on the occurrence of ductile fracture. Experimental results obtained are compared to the theoretical prediction based on a conventional empirical ductile fracture criterion. It is shown that there is some deviation of the fracture conditions predicted theoretically from the experimental results.