Three kinds of Sn-Ag-based lead-free solders, Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu, Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu0.07Ni-0.01Ge, and Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni (in wt.%), were selected to explore the effect of microelements (Ni and Ge) on the interfacial reaction between the solder and the Cu substrate. The thickness of the interfacial intermetallics formed with the Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu-0.07Ni-0.01Ge and Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni solders is several times that of the Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu solder. The added microelements converted the feature of interfacial intermetallics from pebble shape to worm shape. However, the results of x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis suggest that the interfacial intermetallics formed with both solders have the same crystal structure. The results of energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis show that the major interfacial intermetallic formed with the Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu solder is Cu6Sn5, while it is (Cu x,Ni1-x)6Sn5 with Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu-0.07Ni0.01Ge. Ni influences the interfacial intermetallics and plays the influential role on the difference of interfacial reaction rate between liquid solder and solid Cu and the morphology of interfacial intermetallics. Additionally, the growth kinetics of the interfacial intermetallic compounds (IMCs) formed in the systems of Cu/Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu and Cu/Sn-3.5Ag-0.07Ni at high-temperature storage was also explored.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes