Effect of solvents and oil content on direct transesterification of wet oil-bearing microalgal biomass of Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 for biodiesel synthesis using immobilized lipase as the biocatalyst

Dang Thuan Tran, Ching Lung Chen, Jo Shu Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審

89 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

In this work, a one-step extraction/transesterification process was developed to directly convert wet oil-bearing microalgal biomass of Chlorella vulgaris ESP-31 into biodiesel using immobilized Burkholderia lipase as the catalyst. The microalgal biomass (water content of 86-91%; oil content 14-63%) was pre-treated by sonication to disrupt the cell walls and then directly mixed with methanol and solvent to carry out the enzymatic transesterification. Addition of a sufficient amount of solvent (hexane is most preferable) is required for the direct transesterification of wet microalgal biomass, as a hexane-to-methanol mass ratio of 1.65 was found optimal for the biodiesel conversion. The amount of methanol and hexane required for the direct transesterification process was also found to correlate with the lipid content of the microalga. The biodiesel synthesis process was more efficient and economic when the lipid content of the microalgal biomass was higher. Therefore, using high-lipid-content microalgae as feedstock appears to be desirable.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)213-221
頁數9
期刊Bioresource technology
135
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2013 五月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物工程
  • 環境工程
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 廢物管理和處置

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