Effective Perturbations by Small-Molecule Modulators on Voltage-Dependent Hysteresis of Transmembrane Ionic Currents

Sheng Nan Wu, Chao-Liang Wu, Hsin Yen Cho, Chi Wu Chiang

研究成果: Review article同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The non-linear voltage-dependent hysteresis (Hys(V)) of voltage-gated ionic currents can be robustly activated by the isosceles-triangular ramp voltage (Vramp) through digital-to-analog conversion. Perturbations on this Hys(V) behavior play a role in regulating membrane excitability in different excitable cells. A variety of small molecules may influence the strength of Hys(V) in different types of ionic currents elicited by long-lasting triangular Vramp. Pirfenidone, an anti-fibrotic drug, decreased the magnitude of Ih’s Hys(V) activated by triangular Vramp, while dexmedetomidine, an agonist of α2-adrenoceptors, effectively suppressed Ih as well as diminished the Hys(V) strength of Ih. Oxaliplatin, a platinum-based anti-neoplastic drug, was noted to enhance the Ih’s Hys(V) strength, which is thought to be linked to the occurrence of neuropathic pain, while honokiol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound, decreased Ih’s Hys(V). Cell exposure to lutein, a xanthophyll carotenoid, resulted in a reduction of Ih’s Hys(V) magnitude. Moreover, with cell exposure to UCL-2077, SM-102, isoplumbagin, or plumbagin, the Hys(V) strength of erg-mediated K+ current activated by triangular Vramp was effectively diminished, whereas the presence of either remdesivir or QO-58 respectively decreased or increased Hys(V) magnitude of M-type K+ current. Zingerone, a methoxyphenol, was found to attenuate Hys(V) (with low- and high-threshold loops) of L-type Ca2+ current induced by long-lasting triangular Vramp. The Hys(V) properties of persistent Na+ current (INa(P)) evoked by triangular Vramp were characterized by a figure-of-eight (i.e., ∞) configuration with two distinct loops (i.e., low- and high-threshold loops). The presence of either tefluthrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, or t-butyl hydroperoxide, an oxidant, enhanced the Hys(V) strength of INa(P). However, further addition of dapagliflozin can reverse their augmenting effects in the Hys(V) magnitude of the current. Furthermore, the addition of esaxerenone, mirogabalin, or dapagliflozin was effective in inhibiting the strength of INa(P). Taken together, the observed perturbations by these small-molecule modulators on Hys(V) strength in different types of ionic currents evoked during triangular Vramp are expected to influence the functional activities (e.g., electrical behaviors) of different excitable cells in vitro or in vivo.

期刊International journal of molecular sciences
出版狀態Published - 2022 8月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學


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