Effects of acceptance of disability on death or dialysis in chronic kidney disease patients: A 3-year prospective cohort study

Hsin Hung Chiang, Hanoch Livneh, How Ran Guo, Mei Ling Yen, Tzung Yi Tsai

研究成果: Review article

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background: Acceptance of disability (AOD) is a useful construct that assesses the ability of a patient to psychologically cope with chronic diseases, but its effect on long-term outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the relation between AOD level and clinical outcomes in a cohort of CKD patients in Taiwan. Methods: 262 CKD patients without dialysis at a hospital in Taiwan were consecutively recruited, from 2010 to 2011, and followed up for 3 years. At enrollment, demographic and clinical data were obtained, including baseline level measurement of AOD, using the Acceptance of Disability Scale-Revised (AODS-R). During follow-up, the authors assessed the effect of AOD on progression to dialysis and all-cause mortality by using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Of the patients included in the analyses, 145 (55-3 %) whose total scores of AOD were below the median (86-00) were regarded as having low AOD at enrollment. At the end of 3-year follow-up, 25 have died and 57 initiated dialysis. Participants with low AOD were more likely to have the composite end-point of progression to dialysis or death (adjusted hazard ratios [AHR] = 1-89, 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 1-18-3-20). In addition, CKD stage at IV or above and hemoglobin level were found to be associated with the occurrence of the composite end-point. Conclusion: AOD was associated with an increased risk for poor clinical outcomes, thus suggesting that prompt awareness and management of the psychological reactions may improve clinical outcomes of patients with CKD.

原文English
文章編號0197-z
期刊BMC Nephrology
16
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 十二月 5

    指紋

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

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