The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of an educational program on knowledge, attitude, concern, and first-aid measures among parents with febrile convulsive children. All parents completed a pretest questionnaire 3 weeks before the meeting. The parents were assigned randomly into experimental (n = 65) and control (n = 64) groups on the day they attended the program. The control group completed the identical questionnaire (posttest) before the program, whereas the experimental group completed the same posttest after the program. In pretest, most parents considered electroencephalogram or computed tomography necessary in evaluating their children, suggested that immunization be postponed, and rated the risk of subsequent epilepsy as high for their children. Most of them favored frequent body temperature measurement, were very anxious about further febrile convulsion episodes during the night, and were fever phobic. After education, although only a slight change in fever anxiety was found, the experimental group showed significant improvement in knowledge, attitude, concerns, and anticipatory practice of febrile convulsion compared with the control group. In conclusion the parents' poor knowledge, negative attitudes, anxiety, and inadequate first-aid measures toward febrile convulsion can be effectively improved by an educational intervention program.
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