Purpose: To evaluate the effects of educational interventions on parental practices for recurrent febrile convulsions (FC). Methods: A 2-year follow-up, nonequivalent comparison group design was used to evaluate the intervention effects. Two educational interventions were provided for FC parents in southern Taiwan. The 326 parents voluntarily chose either to receive a mailed pamphlet (n = 196) or to attend a 2-h educational program (n = 130). Five telephone interviews focused on investigating FC episodes and parental practices for seizures were conducted at months 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 after the interventions. Results: Of the 326 FC children, 78 (23.9%) had recurrent FCs within the 2-year follow-up. Parents who only received pamphlets did not show significant improvements. Parents who attended the educational program demonstrated significant improvements in the recommended practices, particularly in protecting the convulsing child (8.3 vs. 36.1%; p = 0.02 by McNemar) and placing the child on his or her side (19.4 vs. 47.2%; p = 0.01). Nonrecommended practices including rushing the convulsing child to the hospital (88.9 vs. 30.6%; p < 0.01) and putting protective devices in the child's mouth (38.9 vs. 8.3%; p < 0.01) significantly decreased. By generalized estimating equation analyses, the types of interventions are the single significant factor influencing parental practice changes from initial to recurrent FCs. Conclusions: Most parents used inappropriate practices for their child's initial FC. Compared with the mailed pamphlet, the educational program had significant improvements in recommended and nonrecommended practices from initial to recurrent FCs.
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