Effects of Nonnutritive Sweeteners on Body Composition Changes during Pubertal Growth

Yu Hsin Chien, Chia Yuan Lin, Shih Yuan Hsu, Yue Hwa Chen, Hung Tsung Wu, Shiu Wen Huang, Yang Ching Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The effects of consuming specific types of nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) on adiposity changes in children have remained inconsistent. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of the intake of different kinds of NNSs on long-term adiposity changes during pubertal growth. Furthermore, we examined the above relationships among different sexes, pubertal stages, and levels of obesity. A total of 1893 6–15-year-old adults were recruited and followed-up every 3 months. The NNS-FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) was conducted and urine samples were collected to investigate the effects of the selected sweeteners, which included acesulfame potassium, aspartame, sucralose, glycyrrhizin, steviol glycosides, and sorbitol. Multivariate linear mixed-effects models were used to examine the relationship between NNS intake and body composition. The consumption of aspartame, sucralose, glycyrrhizin, stevioside, and sorbitol was associated with decreased fat mass and increased fat-free mass. In the highest tertile group, the effects of NNS consumption on fat mass corresponded to values of −1.21 (95% CI: −2.04 to −0.38) for aspartame, −0.62 (95% CI: −1.42 to 0.19) for sucralose, −1.26 (95% CI: −2.05 to −0.47) for glycyrrhizin, −0.90 (95% CI: −2.28 to 0.48) for stevioside, and −0.87 (95% CI: −1.67 to −0.08) for sorbitol, while the effects on fat-free mass corresponded to values of 1.20 (95% CI: 0.36 to −0.38) for aspartame, 0.62 (95% CI: −0.19 to 1.43) for sucralose, 1.27 (95% CI: 0.48 to 2.06) for glycyrrhizin, 0.85 (95% CI: −0.53 to 2.23) for stevioside, and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.08 to 1.67) for sorbitol. Particularly, aspartame and sorbitol revealed a dose-responsiveness effect. The above finding was more prominent among girls than boys. Moreover, fat mass was significantly reduced in normal-weight children who consumed a moderate amount of aspartame and a large amount of glycyrrhizin and sorbitol compared with obese children. In conclusion, the NNS-specific and sex-specific effects of long-term NNS consumption revealed associations of decreasing fat mass and increasing fat-free mass for children undergoing pubertal growth.

原文English
文章編號2319
期刊Nutrients
15
發行號10
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 5月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 食品科學
  • 營養與營養學

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