Effects of Sling Exercise for Neck Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Kuan Yin Lin, Yi Ju Tsai, Po Yao Hsu, Cheng Shin Tsai, Yi Liang Kuo

研究成果: Review article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Objective. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effects of sling exercise on pain intensity, disability, and healthrelated quality of life in adults with neck pain. Methods. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and 6 other databases were searched from inception to July 2020. The reference lists of relevant articles to identify additional trials were also screened. Randomized controlled trials were included if they investigated the effects of sling suspension therapy in patients with neck pain, including mechanical neck disorders, cervicogenic headache, and neck disorders with radicular findings. Studies were required to be published in English or Chinese. The methodological quality and levels of evidence of studies were assessed using the PEDro scale and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach, respectively. The random-effects model was used to perform meta-analyses. Results. Eleven randomized controlled trials were included (n=595). The mean total PEDro score was 4.64 (SD=1.21) of 10, which indicated a fair methodological quality. The intervention groups showed significant improvements in pain intensity (SMD=?1.23; 95% CI=?1.88 to ?0.58) immediately postintervention compared with the control groups. No significant effects were found for disability, cervical range of motion, and health-related quality of life. However, sensitivity analyses revealed significant short-term improvements in pain intensity, disability, and cervical range of motion and sustained effects on disability at intermediate-term follow-up. Conclusion. Sling exercise appears to be beneficial for improvements in pain intensity (moderate- to low-level evidence) among patients with neck pain. However, no definitive conclusion could be made regarding the effect of sling exercise for neck pain due to methodological limitations and high heterogeneity in the included studies. Impact. This review provides overall moderate- to very low-level evidence for health care professionals who may consider including sling exercise in the intervention program for patients with neck pain.

期刊Physical therapy
出版狀態Published - 2021 8月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 物理治療、運動療法和康復


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