Electrochemical Na+ storage properties of SnO2/graphene anodes in carbonate-based and ionic liquid electrolytes

Hung Ching Chen, Jagabandhu Patra, Sheng Wei Lee, Chung Jen Tseng, Tzi Yi Wu, Ming Hsein Lin, Jeng Kuei Chang

研究成果: Article同行評審

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Electrolyte formulations are vital for the proper functioning of Na-ion batteries. A systematic study is conducted to optimize the electrolyte for a SnO2/graphene anode, which is prepared via a supercritical-CO2-assisted synthesis method. The effects of a propylene carbonate (PC) and ethylene carbonate (EC) solvent combination and a fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) additive on the electrode charge-discharge properties are examined. Incorporations of EC and FEC promote the formation of a more robust solid electrolyte interphase layer, improving the cyclic stability of the electrode compared to that found for an electrode in a PC-only electrolyte containing 1 M NaClO4 salt. Nevertheless, at 60 °C, an N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolyte clearly outperforms the PC/EC/FEC carbonate-based electrolyte in terms of electrode capacity, rate capability, and cyclic stability. This work indicates that the electrode sodiation/desodiation performance remarkably depends on the electrolyte composition, which should be optimized for various application demands and operation temperatures of batteries.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)13776-13784
頁數9
期刊Journal of Materials Chemistry A
5
發行號26
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般化學
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 一般材料科學

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