Electromigration-assisted manipulation of microstructure and properties of metals via cyclic direct current stressing treatment

Pu Hsin Ku, Chien Lung Liang, Kwang Lung Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Electromigration is inevitable in electronic products and detrimental to the reliability. However, we present in this study an innovative material treatment using cyclic direct current stressing for the manipulation of the microstructure and material properties of metals by introducing the basic electromigration theory. The experiment using a pure Al metal was designed to prevent possible interference from complex precipitation occurrence upon the treatment. The present work evidenced the electro-hardening of metals accompanying electrical resistance enhancement upon the cyclic direct current stressing treatment. The cyclic treatment with repeated direct current stressing and liquid nitrogen quench is capable of controlling the grain size and thus the material properties through the competition between the recrystallization (athermal effect dominated) and grain growth (thermal effect dominated) mechanisms. A combined tD (duration time) over n (cycle) parameter describing the energy input per unit cycle is proposed as an efficient index for the optimal properties achievement. In comparison with the conventional electropulsing treatment, the novel treatment as proposed can be applied for testing subjects without the need for a macroscopic deformation pre-treatment.

原文English
文章編號110980
期刊Materials Characterization
174
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 四月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 材料科學(全部)
  • 凝聚態物理學
  • 材料力學
  • 機械工業

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