Elevated platelet galectin-3 and rho-associated protein kinase activity are associated with hemodialysis arteriovenous shunt dysfunction among subjects with diabetes mellitus

Po Wei Chen, Ling Wei Hsu, Hsien Yuan Chang, Ting Chun Huang, Jia Rong Yu, Hsin Yu Liao, Cheng Han Lee, Ping Yen Liu

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Introduction. Hyperglycemia is a major factor in influencing the patency rate of arteriovenous shunts, potentially associated with the RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Besides, galectin-3 mediates thrombotic mechanisms in venous thrombosis and peripheral artery disease. We hypothesized that high ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. 29 patients received a complete follow-up and each provided two blood samples, which were collected at the first visit for occluded status of arteriovenous shunts and 1 month later for patent status. A Western blot assay for a myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT) was performed to examine Rho-kinase activity. A Western blot assay for platelet galectin-3 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for circulating galectin-3 were completed. Results. Higher platelet MYPT ratios and galectin-3 levels were identified at occluded arteriovenous shunts (MYPT ratio: 0.5 [0.3-1.4] vs. 0.4 [0.3-0.6], p = 0.01; galectin-3: 1.2 [0.4-1.6] vs. 0.7 [0.1-1.2], p = 0.0004). The plasma galectin-3 binding protein ELISA was also higher at occluded arteriovenous shunts (8.4 [6.0-9.7] μg/mL vs. 7.1 [4.5-9.1] μg/mL, p = 0.009). Biomarker ratios (occluded/patent status) trended high in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (MYPT ratio: 1.7 [1.0-3.0] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.3], p = 0.06; galectin-3: 1.6 [1.3-3.4] vs. 1.1 [0.8-1.9], p = 0.05). Conclusion. High platelet ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with increased risk in arteriovenous shunt dysfunction, especially in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

原文English
文章編號8952414
期刊BioMed research international
2019
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)
  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)

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