This study was set out to assess the characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions from batch hot mix asphalt (HMA) plants and PAH removal efficiencies associated with their installed air pollution control devices. Field samplings were conducted on six randomly selected batch HMA plants. For each selected plant, stackflue gas samples were collected from both stacks of the batch mixer (n = 5) and the preheating boiler (n = 5), respectively. PAH samples were also collected from the field to assess PAHs that were directly emitted from the discharging chute (n = 3). To assess PAH removal efficiencies of the installed air pollution control devices, PAH contents in both cyclone fly ash (n=3) and bag filter fly ash (n = 3) were analyzed. Results show that the total PAH concentration (mean; RSD) in the stack flue gas of the batch mixer (354 μg/Nm 3 ; 78.5%) was higher than that emitted from the discharging chute (107 μg/Nm 3 ; 70.1%) and that in the stack flue gas of the preheating boiler (83.7 μg/Nm 3 ; 77.6%). But the total BaPeq concentration of that emitted from the discharging chute (0.950 μg/Nm 3 ; 84.4%) was higher than contained in the stack flue gas of the batch mixer (0.629 μg/Nm 3 ; 86.8%) and the stack flue gas of the preheating boiler (= 0.112 μg/Nm 3 ; 80.3%). The mean total PAH emission factor for all selected batch mix plants (= 139 mg/ton·product) was much higher than that reported by U.S. EPA for the drum mix asphalt plant (range = 11.8-79.0 mg/ton·product). We found the overall removal efficiency of the installed air pollution control devices (i.e., cyclone + bag filter) on total PAHs and total BaP eq were 22.1% and 93.7%, respectively. This implies that the installed air pollution control devices, although they have a very limited effect on the removal of total PAHs, do significantly reduce the carcinogenic potencies associated with PAH emissions from batch HMA plants.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry