End-to-End Deep Learning Model to Predict and Design Secondary Structure Content of Structural Proteins

Chi Hua Yu, Wei Chen, Yu Hsuan Chiang, Kai Guo, Zaira Martin Moldes, David L. Kaplan, Markus J. Buehler

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Structural proteins are the basis of many biomaterials and key construction and functional components of all life. Further, it is well-known that the diversity of proteins' function relies on their local structures derived from their primary amino acid sequences. Here, we report a deep learning model to predict the secondary structure content of proteins directly from primary sequences, with high computational efficiency. Understanding the secondary structure content of proteins is crucial to designing proteins with targeted material functions, especially mechanical properties. Using convolutional and recurrent architectures and natural language models, our deep learning model predicts the content of two essential types of secondary structures, the α-helix and the β-sheet. The training data are collected from the Protein Data Bank and contain many existing protein geometries. We find that our model can learn the hidden features as patterns of input sequences that can then be directly related to secondary structure content. The α-helix and β-sheet content predictions show excellent agreement with training data and newly deposited protein structures that were recently identified and that were not included in the original training set. We further demonstrate the features of the model by a search for de novo protein sequences that optimize max/min α-helix/β-sheet content and compare the predictions with folded models of these sequences based on AlphaFold2. Excellent agreement is found, underscoring that our model has predictive potential for rapidly designing proteins with specific secondary structures and could be widely applied to biomedical industries, including protein biomaterial designs and regenerative medicine applications.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)1156-1165
頁數10
期刊ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
8
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 3月 14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物材料
  • 生物醫學工程

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