Tungsten, stoichiometric W 2N, and nitrogen-rich W 2N films were used as Schottky contacts on AlGaN/GaN heterostructures. The nitrogen content in the film was controlled by varying the nitrogen-to-argon gas flow ratio during the reactive sputter deposition. The diode with the nitrogen-rich film exhibited a higher Schottky barrier height and the leakage current was comparable to that of the Ni/Au Schottky contact. Analysis suggested that this was due to the increase of the tungsten nitride work function as the result of higher nitrogen incorporation. Furthermore, after 600°C thermal annealing, the diode was stable and showed no change in the leakage current.
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