In an attempt to study the role of Eps8 in human carcinogenesis, we observe that ectopic overexpression of Eps8 in SW480 cells (low Eps8 expression) increases cell proliferation. By contrast, expressing eps8 small interference RNA in SW620 and WiDr cells (high Eps8 expression) reduces their proliferation rate. Interestingly, attenuation of Eps8 decreases Src Pi-Tyr-416, Shc Pi-Tyr-317, and serum-induced FAK Pi-Tyr-397 and Pi-Tyr-861. Remarkably, by virtue of mammalian target of rapamycin/STAT3 Pi-Ser-727, Eps8 modulates FAK expression required for cell proliferation. Within 62% of colorectal tumor specimens examined, >2-fold enhancement of Eps8 as compared with their normal counterparts is observed, especially for those from the advanced stage. In agreement with the modulation of FAK by Eps8, the concomitant expression of these two proteins in tumor specimens is observed. Notably, Eps8 attenuation also impedes the motility of SW620 and WiDr cells, which can be rescued by ectopically expressed FAK. This finding discloses the indispensability of Eps8 and FAK in cell locomotion. These results provide a novel mechanism for Eps8-mediated FAK expression and activation in colon cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes