Equatorial plasma fountain and its effects over three locations: Evidence for an additional layer, the F3 layer

N. Balan, G. J. Bailey, M. A. Abdu, K. I. Oyama, P. G. Richards, J. MacDougall, I. S. Batista

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131 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The equatorial plasma fountain and equatorial anomaly in the ionospheres over Jicamarca (77°W), Trivandrum (77°E), and Fortaleza (38°W) are presented using the Sheffield University plasmasphere-ionosphere model under magnetically quiet equinoctial conditions at high solar activity. The daytime plasma fountain and its effects in the regions outside the fountain lead to the formation of an additional layer, the F3 layer, at latitudes within about plus or minus 10° of the magnetic equator in each ionosphere. The maximum plasma concentration of the F3 layer, which occurs at about 550 km altitude, becomes greater than that of the F2 layer for a short period of time before noon when the vertical E × B drift is large. Within the F3 layer the plasma temperature decreases by as much as 100 K. The ionograms recorded at Fortaleza on January 15, 1995, provide observational evidence for the development and decay of an F3 layer before noon. The neutral wind, which causes large north-south asymmetries in the plasma fountain in each ionosphere during both daytime and nighttime, becomes least effective during the prereversal strengthening of the upward drift. During this time the plasma fountain is symmetrical with respect to the magnetic equator and rises to over 1200 km altitude at the equator, with accompanying plasma density depletions in the bottomside of the underlying F region. The north-south asymmetries of the equatorial plasma fountain and equatorial anomaly are more strongly dependent upon the displacement of the geomagnetic and geographic equators (Jicamarca and Trivandrum) than on the magnetic declination angle (Fortaleza).

原文English
文章編號95JA02639
頁(從 - 到)2047-2056
頁數10
期刊Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics
102
發行號A2
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地球物理
  • 森林科學
  • 海洋學
  • 海洋科學
  • 生態學
  • 水科學與技術
  • 土壤科學
  • 地球化學與岩石學
  • 地表過程
  • 大氣科學
  • 地球與行星科學(雜項)
  • 空間與行星科學
  • 古生物學

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