Estimation of life-year loss and lifetime costs for different stages of colon adenocarcinoma in Taiwan

Po Chuan Chen, Jenq Chang Lee, Jung Der Wang

研究成果: Article同行評審

21 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Backgrounds and aims Life-expectancy of colon cancer patients cannot be accurately answered due to the lack of both large datasets and long-term follow-ups, which impedes accurate estimation of lifetime cost to treat colon cancer patients. In this study, we applied a method to estimate life-expectancy of colon cancer patients in Taiwan and calculate the lifetime costs by different stages and age groups. Methods A total of 17,526 cases with pathologically verified colon adenocarcinoma between 2002 and 2009 were extracted from Taiwan Cancer Registry database for analysis. All patients were followed-up until the end of 2011. Life-expectancy, expected-years-of-life-lost and lifetime costs were estimated, using a semi-parametric survival extrapolation method and borrowing information from life tables of vital statistics. Results Patients with more advanced stages of colon cancer were generally younger and less comorbid with major chronic diseases than those with stages I and II. The LE of stage I was not significantly different from that of the age- and sex-matched general population, whereas those of stages II, III, and IV colon cancer patients after diagnosis were 16.57 ±0.07, 13.35±0.07, and 4.05±0.05 years, respectively; the corresponding expected-yearsof- life-lost were 1.28±0.07, 5.93±0.07 and 16.42±0.06 years, significantly shorter than the general population after accounting for lead time bias. Besides, the lifetime cost of managing stage II colon cancer patients would be US $8,416±1939, 14,334±1,755, and 21,837 ±1,698, respectively, indicating a big saving for early diagnosis and treatment after stratification for age and sex. Conclusions Treating colon cancer at younger age and earlier stage saves more life-years and healthcare costs. Future studies are indicated to apply these quantitative results into the costeffectiveness evaluation of screening program for colon cancers.

原文English
文章編號e0133755
期刊PloS one
10
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 7月 24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 多學科

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