Evidence for mitoxantrone-induced block of inwardly rectifying K channels expressed in the osteoclast precursor RAW 264.7 cells differentiated with lipopolysaccharide

Chung Lin Wang, Mei Ling Tsai, Sheng Nan Wu

研究成果: Article

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background/Aims: Mitoxanthrone (MX) is an anthracenedione antineoplastic agent. Whether this drug and other related compounds have any effects on ion currents in osteoclasts remains largely unclear. Methods: In this study, the effects of MX and other related compounds on inwardly rectifying K + current (I K(IR) ) were investigated in RAW 264.7 osteoclast precursor cells treated with lipopolysaccharide. Results: The I K(IR) in these cells are blocked by BaCl 2 (1 mM). MX (1-100 μM) decreased the amplitude of I K(IR) in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC 50 value of 6.4 μM. MX also slowed the time course of I K(IR) inactivation elicited by large hyperpolarization. Doxorubicin (10 μM), 17β-estradiol (10 μM) and tertiapin (1 μM) decreased the I K(IR) amplitude in these cells. In bafilomycin A 1 -treated cells, MX-mediated block of I K(IR) still existed. In cell-attached configuration, when the electrode was filled with MX (10 μM), the activity of inwardly rectifying K + (Kir) channels was decreased with no change in single-channel conductance. MX-mediated reduction of channel activity is accompanied by a shortening of mean open time. Under current-clamp conditions, addition of MX resulted in membrane depolarization. Therefore, MX can interact with the Kir channels to decrease amplitude and to depolarize the membrane in these cells. Conclusion: The block by the I K(IR)this drug of Kir2.1 channels appears to be one of the important mechanisms underlying its actions on the resorptive activity of osteoclasts, if similar results occur in vivo. Targeting at Kir channels may be clinically useful as an adjunctive regimen to anti-cancer drugs (e.g., MX or doxorubicin) in influencing the resorptive activity of osteoclasts.

頁(從 - 到)687-701
期刊Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
出版狀態Published - 2012 八月


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology