Background: Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) is a treatable lipid metabolism disorder that presents as myopathy and episodic metabolic crisis. The metabolic crisis is typically associated with prolonged fasting or physical stress; however, the mechanism of metabolic crisis is not yet fully understood. Case presentation: A 28-year-old Taiwanese woman presented with dyspnoea, poor appetite, and muscle weakness after using antiobesity drugs, including metformin, triiodothyronine, and topiramate. MADD was diagnosed, and her symptoms rapidly improved after treatment with riboflavin, carnitine, and ubiquinone. To date, antiobesity drugs have not been reported to be a provoking factor in fatty acid oxidation disorder. Conclusions: The increase of β-oxidation activity due to antiobesity drugs supports the hypothetical substrate competition model for MADD metabolic crisis. Because the drugs our patient used are commonly prescribed, we report this case to increase the vigilance and proactivity of clinicians in recognising this treatable adult-onset myopathy.
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