TY - JOUR

T1 - Exact connections of warping fields and torsional rigidities of symmetric composite bars

AU - Chen, T.

AU - Lin, Y. S.

AU - Ju, J. C.

N1 - Funding Information:
The support of the National Science Council, Taiwan, through grant NSC 91-2211-E006-085, is gratefully acknowledged.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Saint-Venant's torsion of symmetric cylindrical bars consisting of two or four homogeneous phases is studied. A symmetric section is meant that the cross section of the cylindrical bar possesses reflectional symmetry with respect to one or more axes. Each constituent region may have different shear modulus. The idea of the analysis is to superimpose suitably reflected potentials to obtain the torsion solution of the same composite section but with different moduli. For two-phase sections, we show that, if the warping fields for a given symmetric section with phase shear moduli μ1 and μ2 are known a priori, then the warping fields for the same configuration but with a different set of constituent moduli μ1′ and μ2′ are readily found through simple linear superpositions. Further, suppose that the torsional rigidities T (μ1, μ2) and T(μ1′, μ2′) for any two sets of phase moduli can be measured by some experimental tests or evaluated through numerical procedures, then the torsional rigidity for any other combinations of constituent moduli T(μ1″, μ2″) can be exactly determined without any recourse to the field solutions of governing differential equations. Similar procedures can be applied to a 4-phase symmetric section. But the coefficients of superposition are only found for a few branches. Specifically, we find that depending on the conditions of μ and μ′, admissible solutions can be divided into three categories. When the correspondence between the warping field is known to exist, a link between the torsional rigidities can be established as well.

AB - Saint-Venant's torsion of symmetric cylindrical bars consisting of two or four homogeneous phases is studied. A symmetric section is meant that the cross section of the cylindrical bar possesses reflectional symmetry with respect to one or more axes. Each constituent region may have different shear modulus. The idea of the analysis is to superimpose suitably reflected potentials to obtain the torsion solution of the same composite section but with different moduli. For two-phase sections, we show that, if the warping fields for a given symmetric section with phase shear moduli μ1 and μ2 are known a priori, then the warping fields for the same configuration but with a different set of constituent moduli μ1′ and μ2′ are readily found through simple linear superpositions. Further, suppose that the torsional rigidities T (μ1, μ2) and T(μ1′, μ2′) for any two sets of phase moduli can be measured by some experimental tests or evaluated through numerical procedures, then the torsional rigidity for any other combinations of constituent moduli T(μ1″, μ2″) can be exactly determined without any recourse to the field solutions of governing differential equations. Similar procedures can be applied to a 4-phase symmetric section. But the coefficients of superposition are only found for a few branches. Specifically, we find that depending on the conditions of μ and μ′, admissible solutions can be divided into three categories. When the correspondence between the warping field is known to exist, a link between the torsional rigidities can be established as well.

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U2 - 10.1023/A:1024971805969

DO - 10.1023/A:1024971805969

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0042976067

VL - 67

SP - 247

EP - 266

JO - Journal of Elasticity

JF - Journal of Elasticity

SN - 0374-3535

IS - 3

ER -