1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) has numerous industrial applications in the synthesis of the monomer of the widely used fiber polytrimethylene terephthalate. In this work, the production of 1,3-PDO by Klebsiella pneumoniae is increased by dual-substrate cultivation and fed-batch fermentation. Experimental results indicate that the production of 1,3-PDO can be elevated to 16.09 g/L using a dual substrate ratio (of glucose to crude glycerol) of 1/30 and to 20.73 g/L using an optimized dual-substrate ratio of 1/20. Ultimately, the optimal dual-substrate feeding for a 5 L scale fed-batch fermenter that maximizes 1,3-PDO production (29.69 g/L) is determined. This production yield is better than that reported in most related studies. Eventually, the molecular weight and chemical structure of 1,3-PDO were obtained by FAB-MS, 1H-NMR, and 13C-NMR. Also, in demonstrating the effectiveness of the fermentation strategy in increasing the production and production yield of 1,3-PDO, experimental results indicate that the fermentation of 1,3-PDO is highly promising for commercialization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology