Expression of Cry5B protein from Bacillus thuringiensis in plant roots confers resistance to root-knot nematode

Xiang Qian Li, Anderson Tan, Michael Voegtline, Senait Bekele, Chang Shi Chen, Raffi V. Aroian

研究成果: Article同行評審

55 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Plant-parasitic nematodes are major pests of agricultural crops, and it is becoming increasing urgent to find new methods to control them. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) has been used for decades as a biological control agent against insect pests and occurs as a natural pathogen of nematodes, but its potential to control nematode pests has been largely ignored. To test whether Bt can be used for control against nematodes, we decided to express the active component of Bt, namely an ingestible crystal (Cry) protein, inside plant roots where the nematodes feed. Truncation studies here demonstrate that the first 2094 nucleotides of the nematicidal Cry protein, Cry5B, are sufficient for toxicity against a free-living nematode. Based on these results, a plant codon-modified cry5B gene was synthesized and transformed into tomato hairy roots. Cry5B expression in hairy roots was assessed at the mRNA level and quantified at the protein level. Characterization and quantification of root-knot nematode infections on control versus Cry5B-expressing roots indicate that Cry5B intoxicates the parasitic nematode as judged by inhibition of the nematode to establish or maintain root-knot sites and as judged by a nearly 3-fold reduction in progeny production. We demonstrate for the first time that a three-domain Cry protein can provide protection against a plant-endoparasitic nematode and that Cry proteins as a group have excellent potential as control agents of plant-parasitic nematodes.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)97-102
頁數6
期刊Biological Control
47
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2008 10月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 農學與作物科學
  • 昆蟲科學

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