Supramolecular β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was used as a soft template for the fabrication of long silver nanowires. A novel design using self-assembled β-CD for the reduction of silver ions was studied. The concentrations of iron chloride, silver nitrate, and the template were controlling factors for the growth of the silver nanowires. Iron chloride was used to accelerate and facilitate the formation of the silver nanowires and inhibit oxidative etching. However, an excessive concentration of Fe+3 resulted in etching of the silver nanostructures. Furthermore, the silver concentration was another controlling factor. The length of the silver nanowires increased as the concentration of silver cations increased. Nevertheless, an excess concentration of silver cations formed various silver crystalline structures. In this study, the optimal ratio between iron chloride and silver nitrate was determined to be 1:13.3. A maximum length of 20 μm was achieved using a concentration of 0.23 M for the soft template. Moreover, the junction of two growing silver nanowires was observed, forming a long fused nanowire, and some significant boundaries were observed. The observed results were further confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) analyses were used to indicate the presence of silver and the formation of crystalline materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry