Factors associated with falls in patients with knee osteoarthritis: A cross-sectional study

Rakhmad Rosadi, Amornthaep Jankaew, Po Ting Wu, Li Chieh Kuo, Cheng Feng Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

5 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Falls represent an important adverse effect associated with knee osteoarthritis and result in a significant financial burden on the healthcare system. Therefore, identification of fall predictors is essential to minimize fall incidence. However, few studies have investigated falls and fall predictors, particularly focused on the fear of falls and proprioception. In this study, we investigated significant fall predictors in patients with knee osteoarthritis in Malang, Indonesia. Our findings may serve as useful guidelines to develop geriatric fall prevention programs. This cross-sectional survey using purposive sampling was performed between April and July 2021 and included 372 participants. We recorded the following data: sociodemographic and medical history questionnaire responses, visual analog scale scores, Hopkins falls grading scale scores, Fall Efficacy Scale-International scores, proprioception test findings, knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), range of motion (ROM), chair stand test and the timed up and go test performance. Data were analyzed using the chi-square and t tests, and multivariate logistic regression to determine significant fall predictors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed a lower risk of falls in patients with better proprioception and ROM than in the other groups (odds ratio 0.55 vs 0.96). The risk of falls was higher in patients with higher KOOS symptoms, fear of falls, diagnosis of low back pain and diabetes mellitus, and increased body mass index than in the other groups (odds ratio 1.41, 2.65, 1.27, 3.45, and 1.10, respectively. Our study shows that knee proprioception and ROM serve as protective factors against falls, whereas KOOS symptoms, fear of falls, low back pain, diabetes mellitus, and body mass index were associated with a high risk of falls, with diabetes mellitus and fear of falls being the most significant risk factors. These findings may be useful to policy makers to develop a fall prevention program that can be implemented in community health care centers across Indonesia to deliver individualized, person-centered care and improve fall prevention strategies through a systematic process comprising evaluation, intervention, and monitoring to minimize fall risk.

頁(從 - 到)E32146
期刊Medicine (United States)
出版狀態Published - 2022 12月 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般醫學


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