Feature saliency affects delayed matching of an attended feature

Cheng Ta Yang, Yu Chin Chiu, Yei Yu Yeh

研究成果: Article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

We examined how top-down attentional modulation and bottom-up stimulus saliency interact with feature memory. Experiment 1 used a delayed-matching-to- sample (DMS) task to examine the relative saliency between features by observing the relative accuracy of recognition at different stimulus durations. Feature salience decreased according to the following order: colour, form, and texture. In a modified DMS task (Experiments 2 and 3), participants were required to attend to one of three features and ignore the others. After a delay, they were required to choose which of the two test stimuli matched the reference stimulus on the attended feature, disregarding other task-irrelevant features. The target was either identical to the reference stimulus or mismatched the reference stimulus on one of the irrelevant features. The results showed that colour matching was affected neither by a form change nor by a texture change. Form matching was affected by a colour change, and texture matching was affected by a colour or form change. These results are consistent with the relative saliency hypothesis. Even when all features of an attended object are maintained, a relatively more salient task-irrelevant feature can interfere with the delayed recognition of a less salient feature.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)714-726
頁數13
期刊Journal of Cognitive Psychology
24
發行號6
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2012 9月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 實驗與認知心理學
  • 藝術與人文(雜項)

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