Under intelligent transportation systems, the interaction between signal setting and traffic assignment is an important issue in designing efficient advanced traffic management systems. Most of the studies only describe the interaction under static assumptions, which do not consider possible temporal flow distribution. These assumptions limit the applicability in real-time management and control. This paper focuses on finding equilibrium under the interaction of signal setting and traffic assignment. The problem is constructed and solved through a bi-level framework. The upper level solves for signal setting parameters based on flow distributions, including cycle length and green splits. The lower level solves for user equilibrium dynamic traffic assignment (UEDTA) flows in a traffic network. The signal setting parameters are adjusted through pretimed and actuated signal controls. UEDTA flow patterns are generated through a simulation-based dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) model, DynaTAIWAN. Numerical experiments based on a real network in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, are conducted to study the dynamic equilibrium. The numerical results indicate the existence of equilibrium flow under signal control and route assignment in a dynamic aspect. The results show that the average travel times under the pretimed signal policy are, in general, better than the times under the actuated signal policy.
|IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
|Accepted/In press - 2012 3月 16
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