Fluid-rock interactions at shallow depths in subduction zone: Insights from trace elements and B isotopic composition of metabasites from the Mariana forearc

Haiyang Liu, Ying Yu Xue, Tinggen Yang, Xin Jin, Chen Feng You, Chiou Ting Lin, Wei Dong Sun, Jianghong Deng

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

To reveal the spatial variations of slab-derived fluids and to trace the in-situ dehydration in the shallow subduction zone, we investigated the petrography, mineral chemistry, and whole-rock B isotopes of metabasites that were recovered from the Fantangisña and Asùt Tesoru serpentinite mud volcanoes and originated from the shallow subduction channel at the forearc of the Mariana subduction zone. The alteration mineral assemblages in the investigated metabasites suggest zeolite- to prehnite-pumpellyite-facies metamorphism and lawsonite-blueschist facies metamorphism beneath Fantangisña and Asùt Tesoru seamounts, respectively. The fluid mobile elements (e.g., B, As, Sb, Pb) are preserved in the low grade metamorphic phyllosilicate minerals (e.g., glauconite, pumpellyite, celadonite), thus fixing the B concentrations of the subducted oceanic crust during shallow subduction (<18 km). Both B concentrations (16.7 to 43.9 μg/g) and δ11B values (−5.0 to +3.2‰) of the investigated metabasites are significantly higher than fresh normal mid-ocean ridge basalts (N-MORB) and ocean island basalts (OIB), and are generally comparable to the uppermost altered oceanic slab. Notably, the recovered metabasites from the Mariana forearc exhibit a decreasing trend in δ11B values with increasing distance to the trench from Fantangisña (62 km) through Asùt Tesoru (72 km) to South Chamorro (78 km) Seamounts. This trend together with Rayleigh dehydration modeling indicate that the 11B-enriched aqueous fluids were released from the subducting slab during prograde metamorphic dehydration. The estimated B isotopic compositions of the slab-derived fluids released at arc magma genesis depths are generally comparable to that of the Mariana arc lavas. However, the fluids released by dehydration of subducted sediments at shallow depths should be characterized by lower δ11B values than fluids released from the slab at depths of magma genesis beneath the island arc. Then, the recycling of the hydrated forearc mantle is necessary to explain the high δ11B values of the Mariana arc lavas. While, the variable B isotope compositions of Mariana arc lavas should be controlled by the different ratios of sediment/AOC ratios.

原文English
文章編號106730
期刊Lithos
422-423
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 8月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地質學
  • 地球化學與岩石學

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