The evolution of nanoscale W18O49 from nanowires into nanosheets is investigated. FESEM and HRTEM images of self-synthesized W 18O49 nanostructures obtained from sputter-deposited tungsten films after thermal annealing at various temperatures (550-900°C) and times (0.5-3 h) are presented and discussed. W18O49 nanostructures obtained from annealed samples with sufficient thermal budgets exhibit Moiré fringes with various periodicities along the growth direction. Experimental results confirm that the evolution of nanostructures from nanowires into nanosheets can be attributed to two mechanisms. One is the formation of an amorphous buffer layer on the (502) planes between two neighboring nanowires that facilitates twisting and/or rotation of the two wires and re-crystallization of the buffer layer. The other is the assembly of two neighboring nanowires into a quasi-single crystal by coherent their (010) planes, followed by the rolling of subgrain boundaries to form single-crystalline nanosheets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics