Functional Role of Mitochondrial DNA in Cancer Progression

Yang Hsiang Lin, Siew Na Lim, Cheng Yi Chen, Hsiang Cheng Chi, Chau Ting Yeh, Wey Ran Lin

研究成果: Review article同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been identified as a significant genetic biomarker in disease, cancer and evolution. Mitochondria function as modulators for regulating cellular metab-olism. In the clinic, mtDNA variations (mutations/single nucleotide polymorphisms) and dysreg-ulation of mitochondria-encoded genes are associated with survival outcomes among cancer pa-tients. On the other hand, nuclear-encoded genes have been found to regulate mitochon-dria-encoded gene expression, in turn regulating mitochondrial homeostasis. These observations suggest that the crosstalk between the nuclear genome and mitochondrial genome is important for cellular function. Therefore, this review summarizes the significant mechanisms and functional roles of mtDNA variations (DNA level) and mtDNA-encoded genes (RNA and protein levels) in cancers and discusses new mechanisms of crosstalk between mtDNA and the nuclear genome.

原文English
文章編號1659
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
23
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2022 2月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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