Genocide in the Spice Islands: The Dutch East India Company and the Destruction of the Banda Archipelago Civilisation in 1621

研究成果: Chapter

摘要

The Spice Islands or the Moluccas in Indonesia are home to an abundance of cloves, nutmeg and mace. The region was historically highly coveted by various foreign merchants Asian and European alike. When the Dutch joined the search for possession of the spices in the region their eye fell on the Banda Archipelago where nutmeg and mace had formed the cornerstone of the Banda civilization of free traders consisting of 15,000 people. The Dutch set out to capture the spices and succeeded in making small encroachments on several of the small islands of the Banda Archipelago in the first decades of the 17th century. In 1621 Jan Pieterszoon Coen the Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East India Company gave the order to capture the whole of the Banda Archipelago and caused a genocide that destroyed the Bandanese Civilization in the archipelago. In that year many Bandanese elites were killed or enslaved and the Banda population decimated or made to flee into the hills or in the sea where many passed away. Their lands were occupied by the Dutch East India Company who from then on had a monopoly of the nutmeg and mace production in the world.

原文English
主出版物標題The Cambridge World History of Genocide
主出版物子標題Volume II: Genocide in the Indigenous, Early Modern and Imperial Worlds, from c.1535 to World War One
發行者Cambridge University Press
頁面186-214
頁數29
ISBN(電子)9781108765480
ISBN(列印)9781108759731
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 1月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般藝術與人文科學
  • 一般社會科學

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