Geometry optimization and pressure analysis of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack

Wei Hsin Chen, Zong Lin Tsai, Min Hsing Chang, Siming You, Pei Chi Kuo

研究成果: Article同行評審

20 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

For proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), the distribution of reactant streams in the reactor is critical to their efficiency. This study aims to investigate the optimal design of the inlet/outlet flow channel in the fuel cell stack with different geometric dimensions of the tube and intermediate zones (IZ). The tube-to-IZ length ratio, the IZ width, and the tube diameter are adjusted to optimize the geometric dimensions for the highest pressure uniformity. Four different methods, including the Taguchi method, analysis of variance (ANOVA), neural network (NN), and multiple adaptive regression splines (MARS), are used in the analyses. The results indicate the tube diameter is the most impactive one among the three factors to improve the pressure uniformity. The analysis suggests that the optimal geometric design is the tube-to-IZ length ratio of 9, the IZ width of 14 mm, and the tube diameter of 9 mm with the pressure uniformity of 0.529. The relative errors of the predicted pressure uniformity values by NN and MARS under the optimal design are 1.62% and 3.89%, respectively. This reveals that NN and MARS can accurately predict the pressure uniformity, and are promising tools for the design of PEMFCs.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)16717-16733
頁數17
期刊International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
46
發行號31
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 5月 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 燃料技術
  • 凝聚態物理學
  • 能源工程與電力技術

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